Changes to the 2017 AIA A201 General Conditions: Section 1.1.8 on Initial Decision Maker

Posted by: Hilger Hammond On: 9th October 2017 | no responses.

By Steve Hilger

This is part 1 of a 15-part series on the changes to the AIA A201 General Conditions. This part deals with section 1.1.8.

In the 2017 changes, particularly section 1.1.8, there are some fairly significant changes to the Initial Decision Maker clause. The changes are as follows:






First, in my humble opinion, the whole Initial Decision Maker process is a bad idea. It usually ends up, by default, being the Architect under section 15.2.1 because people generally do not change the language and select a third-party. That places the Architect, as the Initial Decision Maker, in the unenviable position of having to exercise control over the outcome of the dispute.

This scenario was attempted to be worked out by the language that “the Initial Decision Maker shall not show partiality to the Owner or Contractor…” but that does not fix the problem as it makes enforcement impracticable.

In addition, the second clause of the change provides that the Initial Decision Maker shall not be liable for the results or for the interpretations or decisions rendered in good faith. If the Architect assumes the role of IDM, there is no reason why the Architect should be shielded from responsibility in the exercise of that role. There is also a question as to whether the second clause is even enforceable. In many jurisdictions, you cannot release yourself from liability for negligence in advance. Nevertheless, this clause is probably going to be enforced.

My general recommendation is to strike everything in the AIA A201 General Conditions that has anything to do with the Initial Decision Maker process.

Steve Hilger is an attorney and partner at Hilger Hammond, PC.   In Steve’s practice, he is routinely involved in extensive contract preparation and review including contracts in the construction industry, material purchase orders, vendor agreements, documents involving the Uniform Commercial Code, licensing agreements, and multiple other commercial contracts and related documents. You can reach Steve at


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